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10 World leaders in the development of the IT world

1. James Gosling
James Gosling O.C., Ph.D adalah seorang pengembang perangkat lunak. Terkenal sebagai bapak bahasa pemograman Java, Gosling lahir di dekat Calgary, Alberta, Kanada pada 19 May 1955. Java sendiri adalah bahasa pemrograman dan perangkat yang diciptakan oleh James Gosling dan teman-temannya pada tahun 1994. Java was originally named Oak and developed as part of the Green Project Company Sun. Writing Java started in December 1990. Patrick Naughton, Mike Sheridan and James Gosling trying to figure out the "next wave" in computing science.
Nama Oak, taken from an oak tree growing in front of the window workspace by James Gosling. Oak's name is not used for the release version of Java as an other software has been registered with the trademark, the replacement name to "Java". The name is derived from pure ground coffee directly from seed (instant coffee) A Gosling. It is said that this coffee comes from Java. So the name of the Java programming language is none other comes from the Javanese word (English for Java is Java).

2. Linus Benedict Torvalds

Linus Torvalds was born in Helsinki, Finland, on the date of 28 December 1969. In the old aged 10 year, Linus began dabbling in computer programming. By using a computer belonging to his grandfather, Commodore VIC-20, computing became his hobby.
In 1988 Linus accepted a student at the University of Helsinki, Finland. In 1990, Linus started his first C programming class. In 1991, Linus bought his first PC, and he was not satisfied with the operating system on a computer when it. His computer when it is using MS-DOS (Disk Operation System, Microsoft's operating system), but Linus is more likely to use the UNIX operating system, as used on computers belonging unversitasnya. Akhirnya, he decided to create a version that could be used under on PC from UNIX. Working hard for months to produce the forerunner of the operating system known as Linux, that eight years later developed into what is said by many observers as a threat to the very famous giant Microsoft with its Windows operating system.

3. William Nelson Joy

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Bill received his B.S.E.E (Bachelor of Science Electrical Engineering) from the University of Michigan in the year 1975. Then he continued his education at the University of California Berkeley, where he obtained a Master of Science in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. there is also, for several years he became head designer Unix version Barkley (BSD). Then the man who is familiarly called this Bill together with the group received support from DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) to continue the project. The project then became the backbone of the concept of "open source".
4. Adam Osborne

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Adam Osborne was born in Thailand in 1939, and spent his childhood in Tamil Nadu, southern India, with his parents were British. Osborne moved to England at the age of 11 year, and in the year 1961 he graduated from the University of Birmingham as a bachelor's degree in chemical engineering. After moving to America, he graduated from the University of Delaware as a Ph.D in chemical engineering, and quickly found a job in Shell Oil. Adam Osborne himself was one of the important and influential role in the early history of the PC.

5. Dennis Mc Allistair Ritchie

Dennis Mc Allistair Ritchie and colleagues, Ken Thompson, managed to make the language of the most famous in the world of computers to rival the English in the real world. English is the language C.

Dennis M Ritchie was born the middle of World War 2 on 9 September 1941 di Bronxville NewYork. Graduated from Harvard years 1963 in Physics and continuing education at Harvard until a Ph.D. in Mathematics. Note also that the genius “science” usually likes math.

6. Lawrence Larry Ellison

Lawrence Joseph "Larry" Ellison was born on 17 August 1944. Is an American business magnate, founder and CEO of Oracle Corporation which is one of the largest database software company in the world. You could say Larry Ellison was the one who made it into a concept Oracle Relational Database System required by various industries in the world as it is today. Began creating the concept of a database on 1970, 40 years later he advances the concept has become an important pillar industries of the world as well as a wide range of businesses that exist today. On 2011 He is the fifth richest man in the Forbes world, with a personal fortune reached $ 39.500.000.000,-.

Ellison graduated from Eugene Field Elementary School, Elementary School on the north side of Chicago in January 1958 and proceed to the Sullivan High School at least until the fall of 1959 before moving to South Shore. Ellison grew up in an apartment with two bedrooms in South Chicago in the middle-class Jewish neighborhood. Ellison remembers his adoptive mother as a person who is warm and loving, in contrast to the harsh nature which he inherited from his adoptive father, a Russian Jew from the Crimea who adopted the name Ellison to honor the island where he entered the United States, Ellis Island. Louis, foster father, was a modest government employee who is looking for a small fortune in Chicago real estate, just to eliminate during his depression.

Ellison was a bright student but inattentive. He left the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign at the end of the second year, after not taking his final examination adoptive because his adoptive mother had just died. After spending a summer in Northern California, where he lived with his friend Chuck Weiss, he entered the University of Chicago for one term, where he first met and designing computer. In 1964, at the age 20 year, he moved to northern California permanently. during the year 1970, after serving briefly at Amdahl Corporation, Ellison worked for Ampex Corporation. One of his projects was a database for the CIA, which he named "Oracle".

7. Steve Jobs

Steven Paul “Steve” Jobs was born in San Francisco, California, USA, 24 February 1955. He died in Palo Alto, California, USA, 5 October 2011 at the age 56 year. He is a business magnate and inventor of the United States. He is co-founder, chairman, and former CEO of Apple Inc.. Jobs also previously served as executive officer of Pixar, he became a member of the board of directors of The Walt Disney Company in 2006, after the acquisition of Pixar by Disney. His name is listed as an executive producer in the film Toy Story year 1995.

At the end of the 1970s, Jobs, along with Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak, Mike Markkula, and others, plan, develop and market a line of personal computers first commercially successful, the Apple II series. In the early 1980s, Jobs was among those who first saw the commercial potential of the graphical user interface mouse-driven Xerox PARC that led to the creation Macintosh. After losing a power struggle with the board of directors in 1984, Jobs resigned from Apple and founded NeXT, a computer platform development company engaged in higher education and business markets. Purchase of NeXT by Apple in the year 1996 brought Jobs back to the company he founded with his colleague. He served as its CEO since 1997 until finally died in 2011.

8. Stephen Wozniak

Stephen Wozniak was born in San Jose, California, United States on 11 August 1950. Wozniak is the founder of Apple Computer (with Steve Jobs). He is considered a pioneer of the entry of computers into the home life private. Although it contributes only in the form of a collection of ideas sharpshooter who inadvertently along with the readiness of the technology for the manufacture of bulk computer, intelligence and creativity are limitless makes him the right person to be recognized as the initiator of the personal computer revolution. Wozniak created the Apple II, The last personal computer truly designed by one person only. And in January 2007, he launched the book iWoz (ISBN 0393061444) which contains the journey of life and career.

9. Bill Atkinson

Still associated with Apple, for you Apple fans would be a pity if you do not know the character of this one. He is Bill Atkinson, genius programmers behind QuickDraw, MacPaint dan HyperCard. Bill Atkinson is also a member of the Macintosh team at Apple Computer. As one of the architects of software on Macintosh, Bill is also a be a pioneer in digital printing techniques and expert in Management of Bill has developed a color ICC profiles for Calypso Imaging Inc.

10. Bill Gates

William Henry Gates III, better known by the name of Bill Gates was born on 28 October 1955, Seattle, Washington. Bill Gates is the second child of three brothers. His father William Henry Gates was a corporate lawyer who had many relationships in town. While his mother Mary Maxwell an officer of First Interstate Bank, Pacific Northwest Bell and a member of National United Way.

He quickly mastered BASIC, a computer programming language, and together with the self-taught hacker in Lakeside, he spent hours writing a program, make a game, and generally learn a lot about computers. "He was an eccentric,"As one of the teachers giving the surname Gates. Bill Gates taking classes at Harvard University in Cambridge started the year 1975. There he met with Paul Allen at school together. With Paul Allen, Bill Gates continues to develop his talents in the field of computer programming. Yet, Bill Gates decided to exit (drop out) to donate his time to Microsoft.

Through its own endeavors, the company he founded called Microsoft Corporation Bill Gates became a success and become a millionaire soar. In year 1990 Bill Gates successful release of the operating system were very successful in the world market.

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